Wine making is a long complicated yet slow process. It takes as long as three years to make the wine starting from a new grapevine then the first harvest, first vintage. There may not be much wine in first vintage but after two years the wine becomes better. There are lots of things that contribute to the perfect wine bottle that you see. Terroir combined with wine skills will make the perfect wine for you.
Wine is a creative process, like any other thing it requires knowledge, hard work and patience. The process of grape-wine making starts with finding the right land. Terroir is different for every wine. The soil, climate and topography decide the grapes which decide the wine. Certain grapes will flourish in certain land. There are many countries which are knows as the leading grape variety countries. The country has an ideal climate and rich wine history that dates back to Greek civilization. There are millions of vineyards in Italy, and they are one of the largest wine producers in the world. Similarly, France also produces the best wine in the world.
The soil has to be amended if required in a vineyard. It is the duty of vineyard manager to look at the soil of the grapes and to see the space between the rows and trellis the vines. When new vines are planted, they are covered with carton. The carton provides warmth and protection to the baby vines. Vines have to be taken care of properly. The vines are protected against diseases and pests. After three years these vines have transformed in delicious grapes and are ready to be harvested. The vines should be dormant at the time of harvest. Now is the time for pruning. Pruning is required to promote the proper balance between the shoots and the buds that produce grape clusters. The balance between the number of buds and number of shoots should be right otherwise it may create a problem, because there will be so much fruit that it will not ripen. If the fruits are not of high quality, then the wine sellers cannot sell high quality wine. So proper pruning is required. After dormancy, the buds appear. Bud break starts in March.
The vineyards are covered in mustard color buds and look picturesque. Vineyard managers have to be extra careful at night, because if the temperature goes down and it starts freezing, it can destroy the grapes. After bud break, comes the flowering stage that is after a month. Vineyards use giant wind machines that will keep the freezing air away from the vines. Leaving near vineyard is very beautiful and relaxing. Experienced managers who have knowledge about the wine making are recruited in vineyards. Wine making is a long process but the wine that is prepared is of high quality and attracts good customers. Many people visit vineyard to have a close look at wine-making process.